Nietzsche’s ideas have inspired theorists associated with the hard right. As the alt-right gains ground and as its intellectuals (for example, Jordan Peterson) draw on apparently Nietzschean concepts, his legacy is far from uniformly progressive. This talk will examine Nietzsche’s philosophy, focusing specifically on his critique of the enlightenment and morality as well as his ideas of the superman and the eternal return. While this talk will avoid apologising for Nietzsche or glossing over the reactionary dimensions of his thought, it will also avoid shallow polemics and resist occluding his radicalism, complexity and significance. In this way, the question will be posed: what can Socialists learn from Friedrich Nietzsche?