Across the Arab world, counter-revolutions have consolidated themselves with absolute brutality and finality. It is incumbent on the left to study this situation, to offer our solidarity to those struggling under it, and to seek a deeper explanation then the racist mythologies of tribalism and violence that are so widespread.
Sandra Bloodworth - Marxism and the Arab revolutions
Sandra Bloodworth - The Arab Spring: revolution and counter-revolution
Omar Hassan - The origins of the criminal Assad dynasty****